Human life and the entire ecosystem of South East Asia depend upon the monsoon climate, its linkage to major rivers and its predictability. The headwater areas of the Yellow River, Yangtze, Mekong, Salween, Irrawaddy, Brahmaputra and Ganges, are located in the Tibetan Plateau. However, estimates of the Plateau water balance rely on sparse and scarce observations that cannot provide the required accuracy, spatial density and temporal frequency. Integrated use of satellite and ground observations is necessary to support water resources management in SE Asia and to clarify the interactions between the land surface and the atmosphere over the Tibetan Plateau in the Asian monsoon system.
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CEOP-AEGIS stands for "Coordinated Asia-European long-term Observing system of Qinghai–Tibet Plateau hydro-meteorological processes and the Asian-monsoon systEm with Ground satellite Image data and numerical Simulations". It is a Collaborative Project / Small or medium-scale focused research project – Specific International Co-operation Action financed by the European Commission under FP7 topic ENV.2007.4.1.4.2 "Improving observing systems for water resource management", and is coordinated by the Université de Strasbourg, France.